Thermodynamics of Cu (II) adsorption onto South African clinoptilolite from synthetic solution by ion exchange process.
- Authors: Kabuba, John , Ntuli, Freeman , Muzenda, Edison , Mollagee, Mansoor
- Date: 2011
- Subjects: Clinoptilolite , Adsorption , Thermodynamics , Langmuir isotherm
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6250 , ISSN 2010-4618 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/8194
- Description: The adsorption of Cu (II) ions from aqueous solution onto clinoptilolite from synthetic solutions by ion exchange was investigated. The effects of solution pH and temperature were examined. The Langmuir isotherm model was employed to calculate the different thermodynamics parameters. Thermodynamics studies revealed that the adsorption behavior of Cu (II) ions onto clinoptilolite was a spontaneous and endothermic process, resulting in higher adsorption capacities at higher temperatures.
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Measurement of infinite dilution activity coefficients of selected environmentally important volatile organic compounds in polydimethylsiloxane using gas – liquid chromatography
- Authors: Muzenda, Edison , Belaid, M. , Ntuli, Freeman
- Date: 2010
- Subjects: Thermodynamics , Polydimethylsiloxane , Activity coefficients , Volatile organic compounds absorption
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:5306 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5284
- Description: Silicon oil chemically known as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is a high boiling point solvent highly suitable for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) absorption. In order to use PDMS as an absorption solvent for a specific waste gas problem, it is important to determine the infinite dilution activity coefficients of the VOCs to be separated with PDMS. This work reports activity coefficients at infinite dilution of 13 VOCs in polydimethysiloxane determined by the dynamic gas liquid chromatographic technique. The measurements were carried out at various temperatures (i.e, 303.15, 313.15, 323.15., 333.15, 353.15, 373.15, 393.15 and 423.15K). Four PDMS polymers with average molecular weight ranging from 760 to 13 000 were used as solvents. A control column packed by Perkin Elmer to our specifications was used to validate the coating and packing methods. Flow rate dependence of the elution peaks was also investigated by varying it from 10 – 50 ml/min. Precision was improved by reproducing the results using columns with different liquid loading, thus also studying the retention mechanism. The results compare well with the data from previous work using simple headspace and UNIFAC predictions and literature values. The successful comparison gives an indication of the GLC as a rapid, simple and accurate method for studying the thermodynamics of the interaction of a volatile solute with a non volatile solvent.
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