Die effek van die interaksie tussen veelvuldige rolle op die lewenstevredenheid van vroue
- Authors: Van Rooyen, Lydia M. D.
- Date: 2014-05-21
- Subjects: Self-realization , Businesswomen - Psychology - South Africa , Housewives - Psychology - South Africa , Women employees - Psychology - South Africa , Self-esteem in women - South Africa , Entrepreneurship - South Africa , Career development - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:11152 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/10744
- Description: D.Litt. et Phil. , The growing number of married women with children who enter the work force is widely documented. In addition, the last decade has seen the number of self-employed women increase dramatically. The homemaker role, which remains an important adult attainment fora large segment of the female population for at least some portion of their adult lives, has received little attention. The career of the homemaker is omitted both in the traditional definition of the labour force and by the career counselling profession. Because of the rise in women's labour force activity there has been increased concern with the psychological implications of occupying family and work roles simultaneously. Married women who obtain employment typically experience role expansion and such expansion has potential repercussions for the women themselves, for their families and for their employing institutions. Although these women are assuming the demanding role of employee, they are typically not free to relinquish any of their previous traditional roles - the major responsibility for household work and parenting chores still appears to be the province of women. Presently, the empirical evidence of the psychological effects of maternal employment is equivocal, suggesting both positive and negative effects are possible. On the one hand paid employment has been related to increased self-esteem, status and life satisfaction in working mothers. On the other hand, maternal employment has also been associated with role conflict, life dissatisfaction and family stress. A wide variety of correlates of home-career conflict has been studied. The accumulation of empirical studies has not, however, been integrated in a way which advances understanding of the interrelationships of variables associated with home-career conflict. The purpose of the present study was to investigate from within an integrated framework the relationship between work and family domains and their impact on the life satisfaction of women who re-enter the labour market, women entrepreneurs and homemakers.
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Die invloed van kondisionering op potensiaalverwesenliking : 'n persoonlike leierskapsperspektief
- Authors: Jansen van Rensburg, Vivienne
- Date: 2012-02-06
- Subjects: Leadership , Self-culture , Developmental psychology , Self-realization
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:1983 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4339
- Description: M.Ed. , The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of conditioning on the realization of a person's full potential from a personal leadership perspective. As humans our perception of ourselves and our capabilities are subject to many conditioning influences, for example family, education, society, culture and the media. Conditioning influences can lead to the formation of habits in the way people think and act. A problem arises because many of these conditioning influences have a negative impact on the way in which a person perceives himself and his potential, by focussing mainly on possible limitations and by overemphasizing conformation. A field of study that focuses on the overcoming of self-imposed boundaries and that strives to promote personal growth and the realization of a person's unique potential, is personal leadership. Personal leadership was defined in the study as an ongoing process of introspection and self-examination and a commitment to self-improvement, change and personal growth on the way to realizing one's unique potential. The general aim of the study was to investigate the nature of the concept 'conditioning' and the influence it has on a person's perception of himself and his potential, as well as to search for ways in which the negative influence of conditioning on personal growth can be identified and overcome, all within a personal leadership framework. The research methodology used in the study included hermeneutic and descriptive strategies. The research methods that were used included a word and concept analysis of the concept 'conditioning' as well as a literature study in order to identify and describe ways in which conditioning affects personal growth and how negative conditioning influences can be eliminated. The following are the most important findings of the study: • Both classical and operant conditioning are learning processes that play a role in establishing habits of thoughts and actions, by means of the formation of stimulus-response associations. • Conditioning can be a powerful inhibiting factor in personal growth, because it can lead to the formation of a poor self-image and limiting beliefs regarding personal potential. • Conditioning influences like family, education, peer groups, culture and the media can condition a person to believe that he has limited potential. • Conditioning influences can inhibit a person's ability to adapt to change and may also cause a person to become satisfied with the average and loose his motivation to actualize his full potential. • Through personal leadership a person can overcome the negative influence of conditioning by becoming aware of conditioning influences in his life and by realizing that conditioned habits are formed by his own free will and that it can be overcome by equipping himself with knowledge of how to successfully implement the desired change. • By overcoming the negative influence of conditioning in his life, a person can progressively realize personal goals that will lead to realizing of his unique potential and personal fulfillment.
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Mental wellbeing as a dimension of a balanced life : a personal and professional leadership perspective
- Authors: Pacheco, Debra Lee
- Date: 2012-08-28
- Subjects: Mind and body -- Research , Leadership , Self-realization , Life skills
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:3321 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6723
- Description: M.Ed. , Due to gigantic strides in the development of technology the individual is challenged with developing new mental abilities to reach higher levels of functioning. Individuals need to become personal leaders which implies seizing control of their lives. This control refers to all dimensions of a person's existence: physical, social, spiritual and mental. Individuals need to strike a balance between these dimensions. There appears to be a lack of awareness of the power of mental abilities and the potential which these mental abilities hold. As this problem was investigated from a personal leadership perspective, the aims of this research were: to define the nature of the mental dimension by means of a word and concept analysis and literature study; to identify the contribution of the mental dimension to personal leadership based on a study of relevant literature. In chapter two it was found that the mental dimension encompasses anything concerned with the mind and intellectual activities, such as thought, consciousness, reading, memory, writing, and similar mental processes. In light of this, the development of the mental dimension can enable individuals to function optimally. Components that comprise the mental dimension were identified. These components are measurable characteristics which future researchers may use to develop a questionnaire to assess the extent to which individuals are making the most of their mental dimension. The broad categories of mental abilites are: Reasoning powers; The development of potential; Personal management.In chapter three the various components of the mental dimension were linked to the personal leadership framework. This link showed how the mental dimension contributes to the personal leadership process which consists of three phases which comprise answering the following three questions: Who am I? Where am I going? How am I going to get there? Each of these three phases have mental abilities which facilitate the growth through that particular phase. It was also indicated that individuals need to develop their mental capabilities as well as their physical, social and spiritual dimensions in order to be balanced. The mental dimension thus enhances personal leadership. Individuals need the mental capabilities identified in this essay in order to function to their fullest potential with regard to personal leadership. Those who do not possess these characteristics would have to be trained to develop these skills. Individuals who want to enhance their personal growth and potential, need to be trained to focus on the mental processes which enhance personal leadership.
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The development and evaluation of a psycho-educational self-enhancement programme
- Authors: Du Toit, Hermanus Anthonie
- Date: 2012
- Subjects: Self-realization , Self-actualization (Psychology) , Educational psychology , School improvement programs
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:1978 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4334
- Description: D. Ed. (Adolescent Guidance) , An excessive amount of literature is currently available in the field of selfdevelopment. The sale of books, self-help courses, and the attendance of programmes in this regard have reached higher levels than ever before. It is impossible for the average person to assimilate all the available information, and unfortunately most of these learning materials were never verified to prove their results. It is undeniable that a need for self-development and enhancement programmes does exist - it is however necessary that they are evaluated to establish whether they do indeed work, and that they integrate some of the information to cover as broad an area as possible of the intrapersonal sphere of influence, without overloading the individual learner. In this study, a wide-ranging literature study lead to the researcher concluding that most information in the domain of intrapersonal enhancement can be divided into three primary categories. The first category, the Life Script, which is primarily formed during the childhood years and strengthened or altered by adult experiences, includes all the issues, events and endeavors of the individual's life that made him/her what he/she is today. The second category is the Life Plan, which is future-oriented and represents the dreams, desires and ambitions of the person. The final category is the Strategies, and contains the techniques and skills the individual needs to move from category one, the "as is"/Life Script-scenario, to the second category, the "to be"/Life Plan-scenario. Roughly guided by the 80/20 principle the researcher separated the "vital few'' from the "trivial many" and through the reasoning processes of analysis, derivation and synthesis, supplemented by personal experience in the field, generated a new conceptual framework for intrapersonal enhancement. A cyclical model, based on this conceptual framework, is postulated and described in detail, and showed the way for the development and compilation of the "Du Toit Self-Enhancement Programme." This programme is evaluated through research methodology that is qualitative, explorative, descriptive, and contextual in nature. Ten respondents within a corporate environment attended the programme, and their experiences in this regard explored through phenomenological interviews, reflective diaries, and field notes. The data was analysed, coded and categorized, and the results discussed in detail. The results suggested the existence of two main themes regarding the experiences of the respondents. The first theme is the experiences of change initiated by the programme, including all alterations to the established way of doing, thinking or feeling. The second theme is the experience of the utility value of the programme, including all experiences regarding the usefulness and profitability of the programme. From the discussion of the research results it is evident that the programme had a major effect on the individual learners. It can be concluded that the programme achieved its goal, which is, based on a new conceptual framework on intrapersonal development, to teach and facilitate optimal intrapersonal enhancement. The study's ultimate goal has also been achieved, which is the creation of an integrated and unique conceptual framework on intrapersonal behaviour, and the verification of the programme based on it.
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The interpersonal profile of a personal leader
- Authors: Lampacher, Gillian Anne
- Date: 2012-03-05
- Subjects: Leadership , Self-realization , Self-actualization (Psychology)
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:2131 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4499
- Description: M.Phil. , People are continuously engaged in a striving towards meaning and purpose. This endeavor is one towards personal leadership and answering questions like "Who am I" and "Who can I become". The drive towards self-actualisation runs parallel with the striving to belong and to form close attachments with others. This essay will focus on the interpersonal dimension of personal leadership. The emphasis is on how being able to create effective relationships is important in order to move towards a life of purpose and fulfillment. During the course of the essayoit becomes clear that developing and maintaining caring and committed relationships is the most important aspect of life. It is primarily through the quality of relationships that people form with others that meaning is to be found. The essay provides insights into the type of relationships people should strive for and determines that close and open relationships are where most personal growth and fulfillment is experienced. People have the freedom of choice to decide on the quality of the relationships that they want to create. Implicit in this is that the ability to create meaningful interactions with others rests within each individual. People often define success in society through the accumulation of material wealth and status. The importance of relationships is often taken for granted. This essay explores how relationships contribute towards personal growth, quality of life and career success. Many people, in their striving towards meaning, develop the self in isolation to the development of their relationships. This leads to a self-focused, narcissistic existence with unfulfilling relationships. Conversely, people may form attachments with others without fully developing their own identity and sense of self. They then have less of their own potential to contribute towards their relationship. This essay sheds light on how individuals, through developing the self and enhancing their own potential, can bring their relationships to full potential. The emphasis is on how personal leadership and growth starts from the inside out. The essay aims to provide guidance on the personal leadership characteristics needed by the individual in order to experience relationships that enhance the development of both the self and others. People have the potential to create their own quality relationships. This is achieved through the endowments of selfawareness, imagination, independent will and integrity.
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