'n Diagnostiese voorspellingsmodel vir wiskundeprestasie aan 'n universiteit
- Authors: Snyman, Jacobus Johannes
- Date: 2014-09-01
- Subjects: Prediction of scholastic success , Mathematical readiness - Evaluation , Academic achievement - Evaluation , Mathematics - Study and teaching (Higher) - South Africa - Johannesburg
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:12186 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/11927
- Description: D.Ed. (Didactics) , The main objective of this research is to develop a diagnostic model for the prediction of mathematics achievement for first year university students. In order to design this model of prediction, the following objectives were formulated: * to establish a profile of a typical successful and unsuccessful student in Mathematics; * to calculate the probable final mark achieved by a student in Mathematics; * to establish the probability of success by a student in Mathematics. In this research various factors determinating the academic performance of first year students at a university are discussed. Firstly the transition from school to university and its implications on the student, the teaching of a subject and its influence, and those factors inherent in the student are investigated. The factors inherent to the student are described as cognitive factors (intelligence, aptitude and previous performance) and non-cognititve factors (study methods and attitudes, interest, anxiety, personality and adjustment).
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Die invloed van angs op die studiesukses van eerstejaar onderwysstudente
- Authors: Theron, Rene van Zyl
- Date: 2014-07-28
- Subjects: Test anxiety , Anxiety in youth - South Africa - Testing , Academic achievement - Testing , Prediction of scholastic success
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:11852 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/11584
- Description: M.Ed. , The writers of the HSRC report on the provision of education in the RSA emphasize the necessity of the introduction of a selection programme which ought to be implemented by every educational authority as standard practice. This study forms part of a team research project of the BUE which deals with some of the factors which may have an influence on the academic achievement of degree-course first-year students in the Rand Afrikaans University. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a connection between the psychometric variable stress and the academic achievement of degree-course first-year teacher trainees and possibly to make an indirect contribution to the development of a selection mechanism for teacher trainees in the RAU should such a mechanism become a reality. At the hand of a study of literature on the subject the psychometric concept of stress was scrutinised specifically with refence to the definition and measuring of the concept and the connection between stress and academic performance. The most important finding was that there is a slight inverse connection between stress and academic achievement - that is low stress is inclined to go hand in hand with better performance and high stress with poorer performance. In the course of the empirical investigation the post hoc approach was followed and use was made of the BUE data bank to supply the necessary information regarding the 1986 and 1987 degree-course first-year students. The statistical technique was used to determine which differences between successful and unsuccessful student groups may be said to be significant, with reference to the various factors of the IPAT stress scale. Although there were no significant differences in respect of the factors, the following did emerge: the stress levels of all the students in the research group may be said to vary between low and average. This points to a normal society. In respect of total stress counts, the following was found: B, A. (Ed, ) students: There are no statistically significant differences between successful and unsuccessful students in respect of conscious, unconscious or total stress. B. Com, (Ed. ) students: The difference between the successful and the unsuccessful student's experience of unconscious stress was found to be statistically significant, respect of conscious or regarded as significant stress was found to be statistically significant but the differences on the total stress cannot be be regarded as significant. B.Sc.(Ed.) students: The difference in successful and unsuccessful students experience of total stress was found to be statistically significant.
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Identifisering van potensiele risikostudente in ingenieurstekene aan tegniese kolleges
- Authors: Henning, Jan Albert
- Date: 2012-08-15
- Subjects: Engineering drawings , Technical institutes - South Africa - Curricula , Mechanical drawing - Study and teaching (Secondary) - South Africa , Students - Rating of , Prediction of scholastic success
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9355 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5794
- Description: D.Ed. , Currently, the passrate for Engineering Drawing presented at Technical Colleges is unacceptably low. This study is an extension of an earlier study done in the same studyfield, by the same writer. A need has thus arisen not only to investigate the problem areas responsible for the high drop-out rate in Engineering Drawing, but also to investigate the possibility of the early identification of the potential riskstudent in Engineering Drawing. In an attempt to address this problein further, the aim of this study therefore is to develop an appropriate measuring instrument which may be used to identify the potential riskstudent in Engineering Drawing. Five Technical Colleges on the Eastrand in the Gauteng Province - catering mainly for black students - were included in the investigation. For the research study the "Trade Aptitude Test Battery" (TRAT), compiled by the Human Sciences Research Counil, was used. The results of this study, clearly showed three-dimensional spatial perception (subtest 16 of the TRAT) as the only factor to be used when identifying the potential riskstudent in Engineering Drawing. Subtest 16 of the TRAT could then be used as an "criterion" to identify the potential riskstudent in Engineering Drawing. Lastly this study showed that to master Engineering Drawing requires a great deal of spatial ability. Lecturers presenting this subject will therefore have to take into account the recommendations of this study as set out in chapter 9 when enrolling students for Engineering Drawing. Subject specific remedial programmes should be utilized to improve the successrate in Engeneering Drawing of the identified potential riskstudent in Engineering Drawing.
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