Engineering management: the system-wide optimization of organizations
- Authors: Paddy, Ricardo J.
- Date: 2010-03-25T06:45:00Z
- Subjects: Engineering management , System theory , Organization , Management
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:6702 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3104
- Description: M.Ing. , Broadly speaking, the world in which we live exhibits complex interactions of multivariate and multidimensional parameters that are implemented by organizations in a global organizational space. Within this space exists numerous organizations in various disciplines and with various objectives, save the common objective of survival. These organizations compete in the environment created by this space, consuming energy, labour and raw materials from the environment and producing energy, finished products and waste back into the environment. The optimization of the operation, structure and existence of each organization in organizational space allows for a structured approach to symbiotic survival and the common achievement of a multitude of organizational objectives; providing for the avoidance of the depletion or extinction of resources, materials and energies within the space. If the world as we know it holds organizational space as one of its facets, then the global system is at the mercy of the operations of each organization, amongst others. The world then contains the embodiment of each system in some or other dimension. It allows for the training of the mind of the set of human systems to seek out that which allows for the progression of the common interest of the global system and thus the survival of each system it contains, ultimately leading to its own survival. Engineering management allows for the formalization of a relationship between two disciplines that can greatly impact the operation of the global system. It is not true that this is the most important of all disciplines; but what can be said to be true is that successful completion of the objectives of each discipline allows for the achievement of the overall system objectives. Together with all other disciplines, engineering management calls for both the consideration of organizational space as a whole and the consideration of each organization within the space. The consideration of all organizations as an open, selfcontained system allows for the satisfaction of the latter consideration by finding the solution to the question: “If I was a system, how would I want to be controlled and optimized?” An organizational system contains a set of components, inputs, energies, processes and outputs in one or other formation. Probably one of the most important elements of the component set is the set of human beings – a component which exhibits nonlinear and time variant response characteristics. The successful modeling and optimization of a system as a whole requires the modeling of each component and process, and that which poses the greatest difficulty is the human, perhaps because the one responsible for the modeling is itself a component of the same set. Viewed in light of the greater system, the author is simply a member of the component set of an academic organization interacting within the global organizational space, and this is the accumulation of the research that I respectfully present.
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'n Konseptuele raamwerk vir organisasie-aanpassing in onafhanklike en selfregerende nasionale state in Suider-Afrika
- Authors: Van Niekerk, Aletta Maria
- Date: 2015-03-18
- Subjects: Public administration - South Africa , Personnel management - South Africa , Organization , Executive ability
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:13483 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13516
- Description: D.Litt.et Phil. , A conceptual framework for organizational adaptation in independent and self-governing states is developed against the background of problems being experienced by organizations in adapting to a changing environment. organizations functioning in national states usually have historical links with organizations in South Africa. In addition most of the senior and top managers in· these organizations are South African citizens. There is, therefore, a tendency to try and retain familiar structures, strategies, systems and procedures, management styles and criteria against which effectiveness is measured. organizational theory, however, indicates that environmental characteristics have an influence on the development and functioning of organizations. Conditions which favour the development of organizations are general literacy, specialized training, urbanization, a money economy, political freedom, a variety of social and organizational experiences, agricultural sufficiency and geological, geographical or ecological factors. National states lack most of the conditions which are seen as prerequisites for the development of organizations and are dependent on assistance from South Africa.
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A theoretical perspective on the difference between leadership and management
- Authors: Liphadzi, M. , Aigbavboa, C. O. , Thwala, Wellington Didibhuku
- Date: 2017
- Subjects: Leadership , Management , Organization
- Language: English
- Type: Conference proceedings
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/259194 , uj:27266 , Citation: Liphadzi, M., Aigbavboa, C.O. & Thwala, W.D. 2017. A theoretical perspective on the difference between leadership and management. Creative Construction Conference 2017, CCC 2017, 19-22 June 2017, Primosten, Croatia. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.227
- Description: Abstract: There are numerous overlaps in terms of relating the differences between leadership and management. Jarad (2012) viewed leadership as a subset of management and that both are important to facilitate organizatio0nal performance. However, the construction industry is well defined with the inclusion of both these roles. It is to this end that the study presents a theoretical framework relating to the difference between leadership and management. Design/methodology/approach: The study is conducted with reference to existing theoretical literature on leadership requirements for the construction industry. Findings: Literature findings revealed that, leadership includes social influence and the leader's role in setting a purpose or vision of change, whereas management associates with fulfilling organizational goals and processes. Originality/value: The study explores the difference leadership and management. The study further gives findings relating to management and leadership, thus adding value to the body of leadership and management knowledge.
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Bibliometric review of the knowledge base on healthcare management for sustainability, 1994–2018
- Authors: Punnakitikashem, Prattana , Hallinger, Philip
- Date: 2020
- Subjects: Healthcare management , Healthcare , Organization
- Language: English
- Type: Article
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/431472 , uj:37231 , Citation: Punnakitikashem, P. & Hallinger, P. 2020. Bibliometric review of the knowledge base on healthcare management for sustainability, 1994–2018. , DOI:10.3390/su12010205
- Description: Abstract: In response to the United Nations’ (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), health care organizations throughout the world have adopted management initiatives designed to increase their sustainability. This review of research used bibliometric methods to analyze a dataset comprised of 477 documents extracted from the Scopus database. The review sought to document research on sustainable healthcare management (SHM) that has accumulated over the past 25 years. Results indicated that the intellectual structure of this body of knowledge is comprised of three schools of thought: (1) sustainable change in health care services, (2) innovations in managing health care operations, and (3) prioritizing and allocating resources for sustainability. The review also highlighted the recent topical focus of research in this literature. Key topics were linked to organization and management of health care services, quality of patient care, and sustainability of health care delivery.
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