Nigeria's national role conceptions: the case of Namibia, 1975-1990
Democracy and development in Rivers State of Nigeria
- Authors: Ukpere, Wilfred I. , Otto, Godly
- Date: 2014
- Subjects: Democracy - Nigeria , Nigeria - Politics and government
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:5466 , ISSN 2039-9340 , ISSN 2039-2117 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13442
- Description: Democracy is popularly defined as the government of the people by the people for the people. In other words, it is a peoples’ government informed by the majority for the interest of the greatest number in society. Such a government must therefore aspire to improve the welfare of the greatest number in society to remain relevant. Nigerians clamoured for the return to democratic governance for a long time and that clamour was not without conflicts and injuries. However, since 1999, democracy has been in the country and currently is about 13 years old. The question is: are the expectations being realized? This work compares the pre-democratic and democratic dispensations in Rivers State using the unbalanced growth theory. The work observed that the cost of democracy in Nigeria at this time is relatively high compared to the military era. There is a need for more efficiency in governance in Nigeria now.
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The quest for peace in Nigeria’s Plateau
- Authors: Odubajo, Tola
- Date: 2016
- Subjects: Identity politics - Nigeria , Peace - Nigeria , Nigeria - Politics and government
- Language: English
- Type: Article
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/218688 , uj:21806 , Citation: Odubajo, T. 2016. The quest for peace in Nigeria’s Plateau.
- Description: Abstract: The distinctions between the rights and privileges of various categories of resident individuals arising from the opposing views of the conceptualisation of ‘indigeneship’, continue to stimulate intellectual discourses. For Nigeria, where a constant quest for accommodation and sense of belonging are critical to unity and stability, identity politics continues to engender divisions. The various cases of settler/indigene conflicts are indicative of the artificiality and fragility of Nigeria’s famed aesthetic unity. The paper focuses on prescribing solutions to the incessant identity-based conflicts prompted by the settler/indigene divisions and religious differences in Plateau State, Nigeria. Jos, the capital of Plateau State, was the centre of attraction for locals and foreigners alike, as a consequence of its moderate weather, cosmopolitan outlook and tendency for accommodating diversity. For over a decade, however, Jos and various parts of rural Plateau State became theatres of war. The incessant violent conflicts were instigated by crisscrossing distinctions over rights and privileges between the indigenous peoples and the settlers. With the aid of a qualitative method, a content analysis of data gathered from secondary sources was undertaken. In the final analysis, a three-pronged source of conflict can be identified in Plateau State: the individual, group and social system levels of interaction. In making recommendations for enduring peace, we would apply three of Johan Galtung’s theories on peace: ‘The Intra-personal Model’, ‘The Inter-personal Model’ and ‘The Intra-social Model’; to provide the platform for devising peaceful coexistence, stimulated through social harmony, on Nigeria’s plateau.
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