Job characteristics and burnout : the confounding and moderating effect of neuroticism
- Authors: Thomas, Natasha F.
- Date: 2012-06-05
- Subjects: Job characteristics , Burn out (Psychology) , Neuroticism , Job demands , Job stress , Personality , Industrial psychology , Job Demands-Control-Support model , Job Content Questionnaire , Maslach Burnout Inventory , NEO Five-Factor Inventory
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:2435 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/4894
- Description: M.Comm. , The main aims of this study were explored using the Job Demands-Control-Support (JDCS) model. The first aim was to test the isostrain and buffer hypothesis of the JDCS model. The second aim was to investigate the role that neuroticism played in the relationship referred to above. A cross-sectional design was used. The sample (N=644) represented a diverse range of working participants within the Gauteng region of South Africa. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), the Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey (MBI-GS), and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory Revised (NEO-FFI-R) were administered. In terms of the latter, only the items relating to neuroticism were analysed. The results indicated that job characteristics combined additively to predict burnout. Control moderated the relationship between demands and exhaustion. Neuroticism had a main effect on all three dimensions of burnout, and acted as a confounding variable in the relationship between demands and exhaustion. Neuroticism also acted as a buffer between demands and exhaustion, demands and cynicism, demands and professional efficacy, support and exhaustion and support and professional efficacy. The implications, limitations and recommendations relating to these results are discussed.
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An interbattery factor analysis of the Comrey personality scales and the 16 personality factor questionnaire.
- Authors: De Bruin, G.P.
- Date: 2000
- Subjects: Comrey personality scales , 16 Personality factor questionnaire , Inter-battery factor analysis , Big five personality factors , Extroversion , Neuroticism , Conscientiousness , Eysenchk's Psychoticism factor
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6576 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/2876
- Description: The scores of 700 Afrikaans-speaking university students on the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire were subjected to an inter-battery factor analysis. This technique uses only the correlations between two sets of variables and reveals only the factors that they have in common. Three of the Big Five personality factors were revealed, namely Extroversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. However, the Conscientiousness factor contained a relatively strong unsocialised component and in this regard it is similar to Eysenck’s Psychoticism factor.The results support the construct validity of the Comrey Personality Scales and the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire. Implications for personality questionnaire design and validation are discussed.
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Stress, burnout and work engagement : personality as a moderator
- Authors: De Kock, Lauren
- Date: 2018
- Subjects: Job stress - Management , Burn out (Psychology) - South Africa , Well-being - South Africa , Job satisfaction - South Africa , Neuroticism , Quality of work life - South Africa
- Language: English
- Type: Masters (Thesis)
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/402807 , uj:33726
- Description: Abstract : Orientation: Stress results in negative consequences for individuals at work and its impact is particularly felt in well-being and health outcomes. It is important, therefore, to determine factors that could mitigate against it in the workplace. Research purpose: The study examined whether the Big Five personality traits moderated the relationship between stress and burnout and work engagement. Motivation for the study: There is limited research regarding the impact of personality on the relationship between stress and occupational health outcomes (burnout and work engagement specifically). Research design, approach and method: This study made use of a quantitative, cross-sectional survey design. The sample (N=644) was comprised of working individuals from various organisations. Data were gathered using the DASS-21 Stress, the South African Burnout scale, the Basic Traits Inventory (BTI) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9). Hierarchical moderated regression analyses were performed to examine interaction effects. Main finding: The results from the study demonstrated that stress negatively predicts work engagement and positively predicts burnout. Stress had a significant positive relationship with neuroticism and significant negative relationships with extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience and agreeableness. Work engagement had significant positive relationships with extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness and openness to experience and a negative relationship with neuroticism. Burnout had a significant positive relationship with neuroticism and significant positive relationships with extraversion, conscientiousness, iii agreeableness and openness to experience. Interaction effects were found for neuroticism between stress and work engagement and for agreeableness between stress and burnout. Practical/managerial implications: The study shows the important role of personality in the experience of stress. Employers and employees alike should take this into account when addressing stress and well-being at work. , M.Phil. (Industrial Psychology)
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