A component-analysis of psycho-physiological management of migraine and tension headache.
- Authors: Battiss, Benita
- Date: 2012-08-15
- Subjects: Tension headache - Psychosomatic aspects , Headache - Psychosomatic aspects , Migraine - Psychosomatic aspects
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9353 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5792
- Description: M.A. , In all communities studied, most people suffer from headaches sometime in their life (Blau, 1991; Selby, 1983). A small portion of this group suffer from both migraine and tension-type headache on a regular basis. Currently the main treatment modality for headache is pharmacological in nature. This type of treatment is limited in as far as it does not address the concomitant psychological variables that often accompany chronic headaches. Furthermore, it seems that most psychophysiological therapies were developed in the USA and Canada over the last 30 years, but thus far research has not been done within the South African context. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualized psychophysiological treatment program for individuals suffering from migraine and tension-type headache. A change in headache activity and mood states such as anxiety and depression was envisaged. Seven subjects suffering from both migraine and tension-type headache were selected to participate in the study. The A-B-A single-subject design was employed allowing three weeks before and after the intervention for baseline recordings. The intervention consisted of seven sessions of cognitive coping training and electromyographic biofeedback. All subjects kept daily records of their headache activity over the eleven week period. They completed the Psychological Assessment of Headache Questionnaire, levels of depression and anxiety were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory which were administered three weeks prior to and after the intervention. Results indicated that subjects who exhibited a decrease in headache frequency and intensity and an increase in the number of headache-free days per week, were those who were not habituated to analgesic medication. Subjects who reported no differences at all with regard to headache activity were those who suffered from chronic daily headache. Those subjects were older and consumed analgesic and other medications daily. These findings support those found in literature (Blanchard & Andrasik, 1988). All but one subject reported lower scores at post-assessment on indicators of depression and state-anxiety. Even though there were no significant improvements regarding headache activity, for certain subjects. The overall aim of the study, namely to evaluate the effectiveness of individualized treatment strategies, were addressed and contribute to future intervention studies.
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Leerstrategieë van eerstejaarstudente wat aan migraine-hoofpyne ly
- Authors: Du Toit, Aletta Susanna
- Date: 2014-04-10
- Subjects: College freshmen - Ability testing , Migraine - Research - Johannesburg (Transvaal) , Migraine - Psychosomatic aspects
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:10560 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/10086
- Description: M.Ed. (Psychology) , There has been a growing concern about first year students who enter universities without adequate learning and study strategies to meet academic demands. This can result in failure and underachievement. Research subsequently focused on aspects which may negatively Influence the students' choice and use of learning strategies, such as cognitive and affective aspects of the learner. Very little attention has however been given to the influence of illnesses on the learner and his learning strategies. The aim of this study Is to compare first year students who suffer from migraine headaches with students who do not suffer from it. This is done In order to determine whether or not migraine could be considered as an Influencing factor. From the literature study that was undertaken it is clear that migraine headaches, which are classified as a chronic pain illness, can have a substantial impact on the psychological and social well-being of the patient. It can affect a patients cognitive and affective functioning as well as his behaviour. Current research also show that there might be a common neurochemical cause for migraine headaches, affective disorders and certain learning problems. This research offer therapeutic possibilities in all above mentioned areas. The question arose from the literature study of whether migraine headaches could be considered as a factor in the learning strategies of first year students. To answer this question, an empirical study was undertaken, Involving all 1992 first year students at RAU The battery contained the following diagnostic tests: • LASSI (Learning and Study Strategles Inventory). • A health questionnaire. The data was processed In order to find whether a statistically significant correlation exlsted between migraine headaches and learning strategies among the first year students. The empirical study confirmed that migraine headaches could be considered as an Influencing factor In the study and study learnlng strategies of first year students. Due to the limited size of the experimental group. migraine headaches asa possible factor In the learning strategies off first year students can only be applicable to RAU first year students
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