Instemmingsgeneighdheid en verskillende item-en responsformate in 'n gesommeerde selfbeoordelingskaal.
- Authors: Hanekom, N. , Visser, D.
- Date: 1998
- Subjects: Locus of control , Likert-type format
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6373 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1117
- Description: This study examines the degree of acquiescence present when the item and response formats of a summated rating scale are varied. It is often recommended that acquiescence response bias in rating scales may be controlled by using both positively and negatively worded items. Such items are generally worded in the Likert-type format of statements. The purpose of the study was to establish whether items in question format would result in a smaller degree of acquiescence than items worded as statements. the response format was also varied (five- and seven-point options) to determine whether this would influence the reliability and degree of acquiescence in the scales. A twenty-item Locus of Control (LC) questionnaire was used, but each item was complemented by its opposite, resulting in 40 items. The subjects, divided randomly into two groups, were second year students who had to complete four versions of the questionnaire, plus a shortened version of Bass's scale for measuring acquiescence. The LC version were questions or statements each combined with a five- or seven-point respons format. Partial counterbalancing was introduced by testing on two separate occasions, presenting the tests to the two groups in the opposite order. The degree of acquiescence was assessed by correlating the items with their opposite, and by correlating scores on each version with scores on the acquiescence questionnaire. No major difference were found between the various item and response format in relation to acquiescence.
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Psychological wellness constructs: Relationships and group differences.
- Authors: Gropp, L. , Geldenhuys, D. , Visser, D.
- Date: 2007
- Subjects: Psychological wellness , Self-actualisation , Locus of control , Sense of coherence , Emotional intelligence
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6431 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1298
- Description: The objective of the study was to examine the relationships between several constructs that were hypothesised to be components underlying psychological wellness and to establish whether there were differences between managerial and non-managerial groups or between Black and White groups in respect of the wellness variables. The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), Locus of Control Inventory (LOC), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and the Bar-On EQ-I were administered to a random sample of 200 employees of a financial services company. Statistically significant differences were found between the groups on several of the wellness variables with the manager and White groups obtaining higher scores on these variables than their comparison groups. However, in respect of External Locus of Control, the non-manager and Black groups obtained the higher scores. Factor analytic results demonstrated that the wellness variables clustered in two correlated factors (r = 0,43) labeled psychological wellness and self-actualisation.
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