Die uitwerking van nuwe munisipale wetgewing op menslike hulpbronpraktyke by 'n middel grootte plaaslike bestuur in Mpumalanga
- Authors: Van Zyl, W.S.
- Date: 2012-08-13
- Subjects: Labor laws and legislation - South Africa , Industrial relations - South Africa , Personnel management - South Africa , Local government - South Africa , Municipal government - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9111 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5569
- Description: M.Phil. , Na die nasionale munisipale verkiesings staan nuwe plaaslike munisipaliteite voor die grootste uitdaging ooit ten opsigte van dienslewering aan die gemeenskappe wat hulle bedien (Business Day, 2000, 12 Julie). Daar word berig dat slegs 20% van huishoudings in die Suid Afrikaanse samelewing het nie toegang tot skoon drinkwater en basiese sanitasie dienste het nie. Meer as 30% huishoudings het nie elektrisiteit nie en ongeveer 40% beskik nie oor vullisverwyderingsdienste nie (Business Day, 2000, 12 Julie). Van die huishoudings wat wel dienste ontvang, betaal 68% hulle munisipale rekenings stiptelik terwyl 1,4 miljoen huishoudings hulle huur en dienste gelde nie gereeld betaal nie. (Sake Beeld, 2000, 4 Julie). Gevolglik gaan plaaslike owerhede gebuk onder geweldige finansiele nood. Ongeveer 151 van die 843 munisipaliteite van Suid Afrika is in 'n krisis situasie terwyl byna die helfte van hulle finansiele probleme het. (Beeld, 1999, 22 Julie). Daar is selfs plaaslike owerhede wat pensioenfonds-, werkloosheidsversekering- en belastingbydraes gebruik om te betaal vir operasionele kostes. (Beeld, 2000, 27 Maart). Die Munisipale Afbakeningsraad het die aantal munisipaliteite in Suid Afrika verminder van 843 tot 232. In Mpumalanga alleen is die bestaande 55 munisipaliteite verminder na 25, 'n vermindering van ongeveer 50%. (Beeld, 1999, 16 November). Slegs 3 munisipaliteite in Mpumalanga funksioneer behoorlik terwyl 12 in 'n kritieke toestand is (Provinsiale Beeld, 1999, 25 November). Nader aan die tuisfront het die munisipale funksies van Ogies in duie gestort as gevolg van gebrek aan bekwaamheid van personeel. Ongeveer 20% van die inwoners betaal vir munisipale dienste (Provinsiale Beeld, 1999, 26 Julie). Die samevoeging van munisipaliteite behoort Iewensvatbaar in die hand te werk.
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The variables influencing developmental local governance to promote sustainable communities and cities in South Africa
- Authors: De Wet, Martha Maria Marthina
- Date: 2017
- Subjects: Sustainable development , Sustainable urban development , Local government - South Africa , Municipal government - South Africa , Cities and towns - Growth
- Language: English
- Type: Doctoral (Thesis)
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/272071 , uj:28949
- Description: D.Litt. et Phil. , Abstract: The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of the nature and problems for developmental local governance to promote the sustainability of communities and cities in metropolitan municipalities in South Africa. Undeniably, urban governance has far-reaching consequences for local governance because urban population will continue to grow over time. Importantly, migration to urban areas can be expected to skyrocket as economies grow and cities provide more opportunities for the landless poor in the hope of finding employment. According to the National Development Plan (NDP) (National Planning Commission (NPC) 2012:260), “by 2030 South Africa should observe meaningful and measureable progress in reviving rural areas and in creating more functionally integrated, balanced and vibrant urban settlements”. The dual guiding research question of the thesis encapsulated the problem: What is the essence of the nature and challenges of good developmental urban local governance and how can innovative strategies promote the sustainable development of communities and cities in South Africa? The thesis provided a broad systematic conceptualization and contextualization of developmental and sustainable good local governance, urban resilience, new city governance and ‘smart cities’, the regulatory and institutional framework defining and regulating local governance and the theories and theoretical approaches underpinning developmental and sustainable local/urban governance. The emphasis of the thesis is placed on the functioning, problems, challenges and pressures of the sphere urban of local governance (within its constituent structures i.e. metropolitan municipalities) within given regulatory and structural parameters. This enquiry is premised on the view that in studying urban governance and implementation in general, and in South Africa in particular, specific factors, and structural and regulatory parameters have a profound effect on the sustainability of metros that should be taken into account. In the light of the above argument, the overarching perspective in which this study was grounded was that of a documentary and conceptual analysis using qualitative research techniques to explore and analyse the specific requirements that are set for the service delivery needs of the citizens in...
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From lip-service to service delivery in local economic development : guidelines to set up an agency for action
- Authors: Venter, Marius
- Date: 2014
- Subjects: Economic development - South Africa , Local government - South Africa , Municipal government - South Africa , Service delivery
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:5490 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13611
- Description: The Constitution of South Africa imposes a burden on municipalities to engage in local economic development. Municipal local economic development practitioners are often in doubt regarding the various mechanisms available to them to implement local economic development. This article provides insight into the processes and issues surrounding the use of an external mechanism (a private company owned by the municipality) as a local economic development agency. The lessons learnt from the Overstrand Local Economic Development Agency are compared with findings of an international study of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on 16 local economic development agencies. The article provides guidelines to local economic development practitioners to follow before, during and after the establishment of a local economic development agency.
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Impact of governance principles in municipal government projects : a case study of metropolitan municipalities
- Authors: Mthembu, Ndumiso
- Date: 2017
- Subjects: Project management , Municipal government - South Africa , Local government - South Africa
- Language: English
- Type: Masters (Thesis)
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/269263 , uj:28604
- Description: M.Phil. (Engineering Management) , Abstract: The aim of the research was to determine whether governance principles in municipal government projects can promote projects which optimally meet the triple constraints of cost, time and quality. This would be achieved by analysing the impact of the governance principles on these constraints. Two case studies were conducted in order to examine the following; whether governance principles are important to consider during project implementation, the extent of use or consideration of these governance principles and what impact these governance principles had on the triple constraints of the project, cost time and quality. Each case study consisted of two data collection methods namely: project documentation analysis and a structured research questionnaire. Findings obtained indicated that governance principles are important to consider during project implementation and the analysis done on the two cases further indicated that these principles have a significant impact on the constraints of a project with the quality constraint being the most impacted. The most significant finding was that the use of these governance principles was found to be inconsistent between the two projects due to lack of integration between the project management office and departments executing the projects. Furthermore, the findings indicated that although municipal projects almost always address community needs and aim to deliver a service, they fail to comply with trends of good corporate governance and this may lead to fruitless, wasteful, unauthorised and irregular expenditure. The research recommends an amendment on the current governance structure with improved integration between the project management office and project departments; this would ensure that governance is better integrated into the overall project spectrum whilst the consideration of governance would become more consistent across the whole organisation.
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