Imagery in Southern-Sotho proverbs and riddles
- Authors: Motebele, Malema Mary
- Date: 2012-08-17
- Subjects: Imagery (Psychology) in literature , Folk literature, Sotho , Proverbs, Sotho , Riddles, Sotho
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:2668 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6111
- Description: M.A. , Although Southern-Sotho proverbs and riddles have appeared in many publications, seemingly imagery in these genres has not been analysed or described in depth. The purpose of this study is to discuss imagery as evoked by figurative language in Southern-Sotho proverbs and riddles. Chapter one is a general overview of the study of proverbs and riddles already studied in Southern-Sotho and other Sotho languages. Studies of these two genres by other languages such as Zulu, English and Afrikaans are considered. In chapter two, a broad definition of imagery is attempted. Literal, perceptual and conceptual imagery are explained by means of Southern-Sotho examples. This chapter includes the function of imagery. Examples of how imagery employs the senses are also given. The chapter is concluded by mentioning the types of figures of speech which evoke imagery in Southern-Sotho proverbs and riddles. The proverb is defined in chapter three and imagery in proverbs is identified by examples with their literal and figurative meaning. Proverbs are found to employ more figures of speech as compared to riddles. Chapter four deals with imagery in riddles. The riddle is defined and types of imagery are illustrated by means of examples and their figurative meaning. Chapter five contains a general conclusion on the findings of the study of imagery in Southern-Sotho proverbs and riddles. This chapter includes a bibliography.
- Full Text:
Levels of awareness and sensory imagery in Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway and The Waves with reference to other novels
- Authors: Poggo, Tammy
- Date: 2011-10-11T07:34:39Z
- Subjects: Woolf, Virginia , Mrs. Dalloway , The Waves , Imagery (Psychology) in literature , Awareness
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:7237 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3891
- Description: M.A. , Each of Virginia Woolf’s novels provides a unique text dense with insight. This study explicates, with specific attention to detail, Woolf’s portrayal of the awareness of her characters through the content and form of the novel itself. Awareness and the development of awareness create a vision (or acute perspective) in the individual who possesses the highest level of sensitivity. This vision is the awareness of different perspectives through a sensitivity to sensory experience. The characters in Mrs Dalloway and the characters in The Waves, albeit to differing degrees, from total non-action to different attempts of action to interaction, create a perspective for their individual selves respectively. Perspective mediates every part of the life: community, relationships and/or the internal consciousness of any one character. In turn the perspective of any one character is influenced by those external factors: community and/or other people. The dynamic between perspective, the individual and internal and external influences is the central part of this study. Woolf explores this dynamic through sensory imagery. The character that consciously chooses to create and participates in the action of creation becomes more aware. There is a responsibility that comes with that conscious choice and interaction as a result of self-awareness. The responsibility is that in any attempt to create there exists the potential to bring about change. This change can be constructive and positive, or destructive and negative. Active awareness takes place in the community, in relationships among characters or within the individual. A positive change allows unique expression while a negative change advocates a system that condemns individual vision. This study does not favour one result over another but intends to portray the different versions of perspective, vision, choice and creativity through the functioning of individual characters at different levels of awareness in Mrs Dalloway and in The Waves at the level of community, relationship and the individual.
- Full Text: