Evaluering van fabriekswesesektore volgens potensiele bydrae tot aspekte van ekonomiese ontwikkeling in Suid-Afrika
- Authors: Van Pletsen, Jacobus Louis
- Date: 2014-06-10
- Subjects: Industrialization , Economic development projects - South Africa , Industrial development projects - South Africa , Factory management
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:11487 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/11183
- Description: D.Com. (Economics) , The South African economy has deteriorated over the past two decades which has resulted In, amongst others, a lower economic growth rate with Increased unemployment. To Increase the general standard Of living, growth and development have become of the utmost Importance. To speed up this process, South Africa needs a new approach to growth and development. The approach suggested In this study, combines the "orthodox approach", which concentrates on maximum growth, with the "basic needs approach", which concentrates on the elimination of poverty. The "combined approach" thus concentrates on (a) the dynamic sectors In the economy which are considered as growth sectors, (b) those sectors which contribute to the elimination of poverty and general soclo-economic requirements and, finally, (c) Implement a structural adjustment programme which will create a suitable climate in which sectors In (a) and (b) can flourish. The manufacturing sector is responsible for approximately 24% of the added value of the South African economy. Given the "combined approach" to development, this sector has the potential to make an even more important contribution to South Africa's economic growth and development. To optlmlse this contribution, one needs to know the potential contribution of each manufacturing sector In relationto certain aspectsof development. There is not much specific specific data available on the manufacturing sectors in South Africa. In order to analyse the various manufacturing sectors, the research partially required the compilation of the data series used In the evaluation process. The data provided by this study has never before been available to this extent in SouthAfrica. The potentia_I contribution of the sectors was evaluated according to specific aspects of development, namely: import replacement; export promotion; inward industrialisation; the effective use of resources; productivity; relative viability; job creation; and, finally, the redistribution of growth between race groups and between regions. The sectors were, according to each aspect of development, graded as leading, average and lagging sectors. Through a compilation of the various modules, the general position of the manufacturing sectors In terms of growth and development can be determined as leading, average or lagging. The grouping does, however, only serve as an indication and does not provide the final answer.
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A mineral economic feasibility study of a small brickworks
- Authors: Reid, Murray Charles
- Date: 2014-04-16
- Subjects: Factory management , Brickworks - Economic aspects , Brick trade - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:10752 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/10260
- Description: M.Com. (Mineral Economics) , South Africa support is one of the world's fastest growing populations. By the year 2000 AD, South Africa's population is predicted to be 225% larger than it was in 1970. By 2000 AD the total population will have grown to over 54 million people, representing a compound growth rate of some 2,7% Per annum over the preceding 30 years. How will this hlrgeoning population be housed? Where will the growth be? It has been predicted, from numerous sources, that the non-European urban population will soar and thereby account for the bulk of the forecast growth. 'Ibis group will grow from 6 million in 1970 to 25 million by the year 2000, a rate of 4,9% Per annum, Whereas, the urban European population growth shall be :relatively static. Clearly, this phase of mass-urbanization will have to be accompanied by general socio-economic upliftment of the community as a whole. In this regard, the demand for housing, particularly low cost housing, will rise sharply. In South Africa today, many a prospectiive entrepreneur has identified this situation as an opportunity to establish a building-materials manufacturing plant. Because a brickworks is commonly believed to be a relatively simple operation to ,establish and run profitably, many entrepreneurs have applied their resources to this field. In reality, a small scale operation is found to be barely profitable and financial failure in this regard is relatively common. 'Ibis dissertation investigates why such a paradox should exist. A host of variables, which can become major pitfalls to a fledgling brick making business, are discussed. Possible hurdles facing such an operation range from raw material properties, the plant's . financial structure, to characteristics of the brick market be understanding of the interactions between these relatively complex facets of brick making, requires a multi-disciplinary approach. The discipline of Mineral Economics is ideally suited to address the range of problems facing the entrepreneurs, who attempt to establish a small brick plant.
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