The attitudes of educators towards parental involvement from a disadvantaged community
- Authors: Steyn, Marietjie
- Date: 2012-09-05
- Subjects: Education -- Parent participation -- South Africa , Educators -- Attitudes -- South Africa , Parent-teacher relationships -- South Africa , Home and school -- South Africa
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:9585 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7008
- Description: M.Ed. , This study focuses on the attitudes of educators towards the involvement of parents from a disadvantaged community. The past education system minimised the role of parents in education, thus distancing them and leaving them with a lack of ownership towards their children's education. This was especially apparent in disadvantaged communities. Consequently, the Department of Education has recently identified the lack of parental involvement in children's education, as one of the main barriers to quality education in South Africa. Along with the changes in the political and economical spheres, in South Africa, over the last few years, there has also been a shift towards a more democratic education system. This entailed the acceptance of an inclusive education policy, that ensures the optimum accommodation and inclusion of the full variety of educational needs in a single education system. Within this policy there has been a rightful emphasis on the development of parent-school collaborative partnerships. Parent-school collaborative partnerships encompass the involvement of parents and the community in all levels of the education of their children. It is clear that this way of viewing parents is in clear contrast to the authoritarian roles that educators played in the past and that the shift towards such a partnership with parents affects the very core of the way educators viewed themselves and their roles. It thus calls for a shift in the attitude of educators, as the attitude of educators will affect their behaviour and finally their acceptance of their new roles. The goal of this study is to gain insight into the attitudes of educators towards parental involvement, in order to use the information to successfully facilitate the implementation of parent-school collaborative partnerships in schools. The goal is further to develop more positive attitudes, ultimately ensuring the success of inclusive education in South African schools. To achieve the above-mentioned goal, a specific school with a unique context was selected to form part of the research project. The school mainly serves children from a nearby poverty-stricken informal settlement. A focus group interview was held with all the educators of the school and individual interviews were held with the acting headmistress as well as parents living in the settlement. The data analysis process was done according to the constant comparative method, where themes were identified and compared. From the data analysis process findings were categorised into four areas, namely attitudes of educators regarding the social context, the parent group, themselves and parental involvement at the school. From the interviews it became evident that mosA of the educators do not always acknowledge the impact of the social context of most of the children and parents. This might lead to the high frustration levels of most of the educators, feeling that there is a general lack of responsibility and lack of caring within the parent community. Lack of communication and a lack of opportunities to be involved were also identified as possible barriers to parental involvement. Most of the participants had a limited view of ways in which the parent community can be involved and felt ambivalent towards the importance of parental involvement in the education of children. Making the educators and parent group aware of these attitudes is important for a shift to take place towards better parental involvement at the school.
- Full Text:
The role of parents in discipline as an aspect of school safety
- Authors: Moloi, Patience Ignatia Mphomotseng
- Date: 2012-08-23
- Subjects: School discipline -- South Africa , Education -- Parent participation -- South Africa , School environment -- South Africa , Schools -- South Africa -- Safety measures
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:3082 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6501
- Description: M.Ed. , This research focuses on the legal obligation entrusted on parents regarding discipline and safety in schools. The research, therefore, aims at examining the way parent involvement contributes to discipline and safety in public secondary schools. The literature study revealed that discipline is an indicator of safety and school effectiveness. It has also become apparent that parents have rights and duties to perform with regard to discipline and safety of learners in schools. To explore and gain understanding of this phenomenon the qualitative research design, which is exploratory, descriptive and contextual was used (Mason, 1997:4-5). The following research methods were employed to collect empirical data, namely: literature study, focus group interviews and field notes. The constant comparative method was used to analyse empirical data. The following main categories emerged from the data analysed: Disciplined schools are orderly and high performing A disciplined school is perceived as the one with a code of conduct for learners, the positive relationships between educators and learners and between educators and parents. In such a school the leadership of the head is strong and effective because parents support it. A disciplined school is also drug, alcohol and weaponfree and learners perform and achieve outstandingly. Safe schools are healthy and caring places A safe school provides security for learners and tight rules of access into the school. The healthy school environment is characterised by educators who perform their duty to care for learners under their authority. Threats to school safety and discipline come from various sources Behavioural problems may stem from poor economic family conditions and the way parents behave in the face of their children. Conflicting cultures between educators and learners may cause misunderstanding, which may result in violent behaviour. If learners are left unsupervised for a long time and educators are invisible in the school premises and classrooms, learners get space for discussing and acting mischievously. Educators are role models to learners. So, if they exhibit unacceptable behaviour they may impact negatively to discipline and safety. Anti-social behaviour harms the school culture Violent behaviour is a threat to school safety, and thus, impacts negatively on the culture of learning and teaching. As learners are affected, they may leave school for better-disciplined schools or as dropouts. The staff retention is also affected, as educators have to be redeployed to other schools with better learner enrolment. Parent are co-responsible for promoting school safety and discipline Parents as primary educators have to teach discipline from home by being positive role models. They also have to provide for and maintain educational resources by raising funds for the school so that the educational needs of the child are met. School discipline may be maintained if parents provide their children with the necessary school resources. Parents have also to provide security to learners and promote respect for the school property.
- Full Text:
Experiences of parents with children with disabilities in mainstream schools
- Authors: Van Heerden, Melanie
- Date: 2012-09-05
- Subjects: Education -- Parent participation -- South Africa , Children with disabilities -- Education -- South Africa , Inclusive education -- South Africa , Parent-teacher relationships -- South Africa
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:3560 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6944
- Description: M.Ed. , After the change in government in 1994, the development of and commitment to the democratic values of liberty, equality and civic rights, led to the wider notion of inclusion in South Africa. Inclusive education has recently been enforced by the White Paper 6, which promotes the access of learners with disabilities in mainstream schools and protects the rights of all learners from discrimination. Education must therefore be structured in such a way that all learners can have access to a single educational system that is responsive to diversity, regardless of learners' physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic or other differences. In establishing inclusive education in South Africa, parents are regarded as an important form of support. At institutional level, partnerships will be established with parents so that they can, armed with information, counselling and skills, participate more effectively in the planning and implementation of inclusion activities, enabling parents to play a more active role in the learning and teaching of their own children, despite limitations due to disabilities or chronic illnesses. Parents are thus, through legislation, empowered to be partners in the education of their children. Research on inclusive education in South Africa mainly focused on policy development and the attitudes and perceptions of teachers. The purpose of this research is to contribute to the knowledge base that could promote effective parent-school partnerships. Through the use of a qualitative research design and the theoretical framework of inclusive education, the aim of the study was to gain an understanding of parents' perceptions and experiences of inclusive education. Six 'information-rich cases' were selected for in-depth interviews. Field notes, as secondary data, were taken as it is a classic medium for documentation in qualitative research and it contributed to the trustworthiness of the study. Through the use of the Constant Comparative Method, the data gathered were analysed and finally categorised into three main findings: qualities of the principal as leader and manager, the role of the teacher in determining the success of inclusive education and supporting the siblings of the learner with a disability.
- Full Text: