Compression tests of Mi Panels
- Authors: Bukasa, G. M. , Dundu, M.
- Date: 2014
- Subjects: Reinforced concrete construction , Concrete beams , Flexure , Concrete - Deterioration
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:5073 , ISBN 9781614994657 , ISBN 9781614994664 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13644
- Description: A number of compression tests of Mi Panels are presented. The use of lightweight Mi Panels as building system allows the reduction of construction time and waste in the building environment. The compression tests are performed to simulate the behaviour of the wall, when subjected to vertical loads from the roof. Two LVDTs were placed at mid-height of the panels during the compression tests, to record the lateral displacement. Mi Panels failed by fracturing into two parts at mid-height. No cracks in the panel were observed before overall flexural buckling failure. The tests showed that the panels are capable of carrying the required loads, and can be used in place of brick walls.
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Effect of steel area reduction on flexural behaviour of spalled concrete beams
- Authors: Mutheiwana, Maanda Emmanuel
- Date: 2014-05-29
- Subjects: Concrete beams , Steel, Structural , Concrete - Deterioration , Flexure
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:11220 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/10813
- Description: M.Tech. (Civil Engineering) , Every year, millions of Rands are being spent in rehabilitation, repairs and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures projects around the country due to corrosion. There are a number of studies and investigations that have been done recently to address the effect of corrosion on reinforced concrete structures. Concrete provides an ideal environment for steel, supplying both physical and chemical protection from corrosive attack. The effect of corrosion on reinforced concrete structures contributes to the reduction of steel cross sectional area, weakening the bond strength between steel and concrete and thereby reducing the ductility, deflection capacities and load carrying capacity of the structure. In this research, five series of three samples each of reinforced concrete beams were fabricated, some with reduced cross-sectional area and with exposed bars to simulate loss of bonding through spalling. The structural performance of these beams was tested in terms of maximum load carrying capacity, deflections and ductility ratio. The main conclusions are as follows: As little as 1 % loss in mass of tension steel resulted in a load carrying capacity decrease of 6.9 % Beam deflection increased by a factor of 1.5 times when the steel mass loss level was 14% 5 % steel loss in mass resulted in a 16.5 % decrease in relative ductility.
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