A theoretical model and empirical technique for the study of problem solving processes
- Authors: Prinsloo, Susanna Margaretha
- Date: 2015-02-16
- Subjects: Problem solving - Psychological aspects , Cognition in children - Research - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:13327 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13342
- Description: D.Litt.et Phil. (Psychology) , This study took place within the field of cognitive psychology, at the interface between the differential and experimental traditions, thereby contributing towards an emerging trend of theoretical synthesis. A structural model of problem solving processes was developed and a methodological design strategy for the measurement of cognitive processes followed. Indications for further research in the area were made. The major predictions of the model were tested empirically with a multitrait-multimethod design. This required the development of a battery of psychometric tests based on task analytic procedures. These tests were administered to a sample of 117 white middle class, school-Ieavers. The data obtained was statistically analysed according to a linear structural equation modeling technique using confirmatory factor analytic procedures. The results show support for the construct validity of the processing tests in terms of convergent and discriminant validity and therefore also for the proposed structural model of problem solving processes and the underlying hypothesis that the structure of information processing can be differentiated.
- Full Text:
The application of the bright start cognitive curriculum (self-regulation) for at-risk pupils
- Authors: Goodyer, Louise Dorothy
- Date: 2012-09-12
- Subjects: Remedial teaching - Curricula , Early childhood education , School improvement programs , Cognition in children - Research - South Africa , Curriculum change - South Africa
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: uj:10152 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7531
- Description: Traditionally the education curriculum was content based, concentrating on teaching facts. More recently there has been a whole-wide shift towards curriculi that are cognitively based and numerous thinking skills training programs to address cognitive teaching have been designed. This study favoured the infusion approach to teaching which incorporated cognitive and metacognitive skills within the existing school curriculum and the specific program chosen for this research was the Bright Start Cognitive Curriculum for Young Children, designed by Haywood, Brooks and Burns (1992). The program was based on the views of four theorists, namely Piaget, Vygotsky, Feuerstein and Haywood. The focus of this research was unit 1 of the program which concentrated on the training of selfregulation as it was the program's assumption that self regulation forms the grounding for the effectiveness of the rest of the program. Although this research focused on an 'at-risk' group of grade 0 pupils, it can have broader implications for the training of self regulation in the general education classroom. The aim of the research was to describe the problems experienced in the application of unit 1 of the Bright Start program and to formulate suggestions and guidelines that could improve the effectiveness of this unit during it's implementations in an 'at-risk' grade 0 class. The methodological framework used to achieve this aim was the qualitative single case study. The qualitative design produced a wealth of detailed, in-depth, and descriptive data about the program's strengths and weaknesses which were used for the purpose of establishing the guidelines. The program was implemented in the grade 0 class of 'at-risk' pupils, and data was collected through journal's kept by the teacher and the researcher, observations by the researcher, iconic material of the lessons and an interview of the teacher at the end of the program. Content analysis was performed on the data identifying coherent and important themes and patterns which were interpreted to form the research conclusions. The conclusions from this research indicated that the difficulties experienced by the 'at-risk' pupils are not adequately addressed in this program. The unit did not seem long enough to produce effective change in their inhibitory systems, the content and techniques used did not sufficiently meet the needs of these pupils. Guidelines to improve the effectiveness of unit -1 in the implementation of an 'at-risk' class of grade 0 pupils were presented.
- Full Text: