Zimbabwean female principals’ promotion of children’s rights in disadvantaged school contexts
- Authors: Zikhali, Joyce T. , Perumal, Juliet Christine
- Date: 2014
- Subjects: Children’s rights , Child labour , Child abuse , Exploitation of children
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6143 , ISBN 978-84-617-2484-0 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13186
- Description: This is qualitative multiple case study explored the extent to which children’s rights are observed in five disadvantaged school contexts in Masvingo District in Zimbabwe. Data were collected through one-hour individual in-depth interviews. The participants comprised five school heads, four deputy school heads and three teachers-in-charge (TICs). Content analysis was used to analyse the data. The data revealed that a number of children’s rights were being flouted. The children’s families were generally poor as a result children did not have adequate time to rest and play as they helped to augment family income through working in the fields and vending. The schools lacked adequate facilities and furniture exposing children to discomfort and harsh weather conditions. Some guardians exploited resources meant for orphans for their personal use. Older boys at times sexually abused younger girls. Some teachers applied corporal punishment to school children. The study recommends that government set up programmes that educate the populace on children’s rights and the need to respect them. It should invest more resources and improve the conditions in disadvantaged schools. Needy children should be on payroll and should be placed in homes where the government working with other stakeholders could take care of them.
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Playing into gender stereotyping in a preschool theatre production
- Authors: Fritz, Elzette
- Date: 2011
- Subjects: Child abuse , Sexual abuse of children
- Type: Article
- Identifier: http://ujcontent.uj.ac.za8080/10210/373619 , uj:5769 , ISSN 2223-7682 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7776
- Description: Imagine that you are seated in a school hall in a middle to lower socio-economic residential area. The lights are slowly dimmed and the music starts. You are the parent to a five year old, soon to perform in his first nursery school play. The curtain rises and the group of five-year-old boys sway to the music of a popular Afrikaans song, “Leeuloop,” (translated as “lion walk”) that celebrates rugby, a nationally popular sport, but also other male dominated ball sports.
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Exploring the healing process of female adult survivors of childhood abuse
- Authors: Reichert, Lelani
- Date: 2008-11-12T07:05:26Z
- Subjects: Adult child sexual abuse victims , Sexually abused children , Child sexual abuse , Child abuse
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:14659 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1622
- Description: M.A. , The incidence of child abuse in southern Africa is problematic to such an extent that it is described by Machel (as cited in Richter, Dawes & Higson-Smith, 2004. p. ix) as "an assault, a war upon our children". The numbers and estimates surrounding, not only sexual abuse, but also physical abuse seem to be rising exponentially. This leads to the obvious deduction that adult survivors are also rising exponentially, and as such need focus and care, since the aftermath of abuse is far reaching, impacting every sphere of their lives. Destructive behaviour and thought patterns characterise all aspects of their interaction with the self and others, which paints a bleak and painful picture for their futures. To compound the aftermath, very few studies have focused on aspects beyond the aftermath, few have gone on to explain and focus attention on whether healing can take place, and if so, how it can be brought about. This important source of hope for the survivors has been neglected for far too long, leaving the survivors struggling with the question of whether positive change is at all possible? This study aims to address that question and to focus on the experience of the process of healing. The participants were members of a support group for survivors. A qualitative approach was followed with the focus on conceptual analysis. Two open-ended questionnaires were constructed. The first questionnaire was administered pre-intervention and the second questionnaire post-intervention. As a qualitative study, information is included regarding the researcher's experience, and is interpreted from the researcher's perspective. It was found that growth and change is indeed possible. Participants showed more insight into their behaviour and actions and were mostly able to cease destructive behaviours, achieve positive goals set for themselves, or were at least in the process of changing some aspects they felt needed attention. Due to analysis taking place on a group, as well as, individual level, individual differences became very visible. In this study, those aspects participants still found problematic were also highlighted. It is suggested that those aspects be scrutinised in future studies. A reflection on the healing process also occurred and is viewed as a platform for future studies to build on.
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Evaluating the "what color is your hurt?" programme for traumatised preschoolers in South Africa
Emosionele wanfunksionering by kinders en waargenome ouerlike optrede
- Authors: Griesel, Louise Eleonora
- Date: 2014-11-17
- Subjects: Child abuse , Psychological child abuse - Research - South Africa - Transvaal , Psychologically abused children - Research - South Africa - Transvaal
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:12894 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/12784
- Description: M.A.(Psychological Research) , Child maltreatment has occurred over the ages, but has been recognised as such only during the present century. The concept of maltreatment is culturally bound and therefore dependent on value judgements within a community. What is acceptable in one society may be rejected in another. Medical professionals discovered skeletal injuries in young children that was eventually traced to harsh treatment by parents. Physical abuse was thus identified, resulting in public and professional awareness and involvement. Later neglect and sexual abuse was identified as variations of maltreatment and legislation was instituted for the protection of children. Maltreated children manifest symptoms of behavioural, emotional and scholastic problems, and antisocial behaviour such as crime is being ascribed to child abuse. Research shows a tendency of placing emotional factors at the centre of maltreatment and the concept of psychological maltreatment was thus born. The present study was an attempt at indicating the relationship between maltreatment by parents and their children's ability at forming personal attachments. A questionnaire was developed in an attempt to operationalize the concept of psychological maltreatment and make it quantifiable. A comparison between this questionnaire and the PHSF relationship questionnaire indicated that a damaged capacity to form personal attachments may be traced back to psychological maltreatment. The implications of these findings were briefly discussed.
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