Exploring learners’ experiences of creative expressive arts activities introduced into life orientation
- Authors: Killoran, Vanessa
- Date: 2013-07-18
- Subjects: Special education - Psychological aspects , Art - Study and teaching , Life skills - Study and teaching
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:7646 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/8516
- Description: M.Ed. (Educational Psychology) , Art making is seen as an opportunity to express one's self imaginatively, authentically, and spontaneously, an experience that, over time, can lead to personal fulfilment, emotional reparation, and recovery (Malchiodi, 2003). Taking into consideration the South African context, and the many psychological, social and emotional and learning barriers, through the creation of art and reflecting on the art products and methods people can increase awareness of self and others. It will also aid in coping with symptoms of stress and traumatic experiences, and enhance cognitive abilities (American Art Therapy Association, 2002). The aim of the paper is to assess and provide feedback on how learners experience the introduction of creative expressive arts activities into their school curriculum within the Life Orientation subject,. The research followed a phenomenological research design through the purposive sampling of nine learners from a school for learners with special educational needs. Data was collected through the means of group interviews, incomplete sentences and observations, then analysed by means of thematic analysis. Using socio-cultural theory as my literature framework and a socio-constructivist research paradigm, two main themes emerged. The first was that the learners experienced inter-personal development, which linked to the second theme of intra-personal development, through a psychological timeframe. Furthermore, I was able to determine which activities the learners enjoyed and which would need to be included in future creative expressive arts activities for the enjoyment of the learners. Through the emergence of this research the school communities will be better informed as to the value that creative expressive arts engagement could have in a school setting.
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Kuns as projeksiemedium : 'n opvoedkundig-sielkundige model om onverwerkte trauma by jong volwassenes aan te spreek
- Authors: Loock, Christina Aletta
- Date: 2012-08-22
- Subjects: Art therapy for the youth , Art - Study and teaching , Psychic trauma , Traumatism
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:2991 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6415
- Description: D.Ed. , Art lecturers affiliated to a tertiary institute observed the occurrence of negative emotional content and expression in the artwork of their students. These students are also inclined to manifest negative behavioural and interaction patterns. The lecturers appealed for this research as a method to determine what the content of the expressed artwork indicate. The request was for the research methods to proceed within an art framework in order for it to be applied as a class project. The research proceeded with the use of art as a projection medium, applied during the process of facilitative interaction. The aim was to determine the degree to which the projected content in the young adults' artwork correlate with their personal life- and experiential world. The young adults were requested to write spontaneous sketches depicting the story of their life. The information was passed on to a graphologist for the analysis of their handwriting. The findings of the graphologist was later applied as external triangulation in order to verify the identified themes obtained from the analysis. With the aid of art as projection medium during facilitative interaction, it has been determined that the young adults struggle with unresolved trauma as a result of abuse. The exposure to abuse resulted in barriers influencing their relationships with others as well as themselves. The barriers manifest as experiences of pain and confusion; mistrust and isolation; aggression and depression. The research resulted in the development of a model for educational psychologists equipping them to identify and address unresolved trauma with young adults through the use of art as projection medium during facilitative interaction. The development of the model proceeded in four stages. During stage one concepts were identified, defined and classified after completion of the fieldwork. The sample included 30 respondents from different cultures ranging from ages 18 to 24. The collection of data proceeded with the use of art as projection medium involving the following - a Gestalt-therapeutic exercise: the drawing of a rosebush, in-depth interviews, the analysis of cartoons and the writing of spontaneous sketches on unlineated paper for graphological analysis. The model of Guba was used to ensure trustworthiness in qualitative methodology. This refers to the credibility, transferability, reliability and verification of the research. In step two the relationship between concepts was drawn, after which step three followed, involving the description of the model. Guidelines in operationalising the model, are stated in step four. The model aims at the empowerment of young adults suffering from unresolved childhood trauma, with the use of art as projection medium during facilitative interaction. During this process the young adults are guided to an enhanced self-awareness in order for self-insight and self-empowerment to develop so that mental health can be obtained. The power of the model lies in the continuous plotting taking place through the use of art as projection medium during facilitative interaction.
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