Psychological wellness constructs: Relationships and group differences.
- Authors: Gropp, L. , Geldenhuys, D. , Visser, D.
- Date: 2007
- Subjects: Psychological wellness , Self-actualisation , Locus of control , Sense of coherence , Emotional intelligence
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6431 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1298
- Description: The objective of the study was to examine the relationships between several constructs that were hypothesised to be components underlying psychological wellness and to establish whether there were differences between managerial and non-managerial groups or between Black and White groups in respect of the wellness variables. The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), Locus of Control Inventory (LOC), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and the Bar-On EQ-I were administered to a random sample of 200 employees of a financial services company. Statistically significant differences were found between the groups on several of the wellness variables with the manager and White groups obtaining higher scores on these variables than their comparison groups. However, in respect of External Locus of Control, the non-manager and Black groups obtained the higher scores. Factor analytic results demonstrated that the wellness variables clustered in two correlated factors (r = 0,43) labeled psychological wellness and self-actualisation.
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The factor structure, metrical properties, and convergent validity of the third edition (1999) of the Locus of Control Inventory.
- Authors: Schepers, J.M. , Gropp, L. , Geldenhuys, D.J.
- Date: 2006
- Subjects: Sense of coherence , Locus of control , Emotional intelligence
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:6364 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1108
- Description: The principal objective of the study was to examine the factor structure and metrical properties of the third edition (1999) of the Locus of Control Inventory (LCI). A corollary of the study was to examine the convergent validity of the instrument. After a thorough revision and extension of the scale to 88 items it was applied to a sample of 2091 first-year university students. Particular attention was paid to the shortcomings revealed in a study by de Bruin (2004). An iterative principal factor analysis of the scale was done. The three-factor-structure previously found was substantiated by the analysis. The obtained factors were interpreted as Autonomy, External Control and Internal Control. Highly acceptable reliabilities were obtained. As far as validity is concerned it was found that Internal Control and Autonomy are strongly related to Psychological Wellness and External Control negatively to Stress Management. The implications of the findings are discussed.
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