Riglyne vir kultuurkongruente gesondheidsvoorligting : 'n gemeenskapsverpleegkunde perspektief
- Authors: Beukes, Sonya
- Date: 2012-08-16
- Subjects: Community health services -- Study and teaching , Community health nursing -- Study and teaching , Public health , Health education , Health promotion
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9550 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/5976
- Description: M.Cur. , Health Education is an important component of health promotion, which is concerned, with the health status of both the individual and the community. Health education takes place daily and is planned by the health worker and the patient in order to enable the latter to willingly make independent informed decisions about health and to practice these of her own choice. If the health workers provides the patient with information and knowledge concerning health and illness management and this information is not compatible with her cultural background, the health worker will not succeed in enabling the patient to make informed choices, as the information is not congruent with the prevailing cultural milieu. In order to provide culture-congruent health information, specific attention must be given to the planning of the patient's communicated needs. Both the health worker and the patient approach the education process from their own cultural context. The health worker's central focus must be the cultural context of the patient. The aim of this study is to determine to what extent health education given by final year B. Cur students on the Phelophepa train is culture-congruent. Health education sessions are evaluated. Health education is evaluated for culture congruence and as a result of the findings guidelines for culture congruent health education is described. For the purposes of this study, use was made of a exploratory, descriptive and contextual design. Health education was explored on videotapes and evaluated by means of naive sketches by expert evaluators. These results were compared with the literature and as a result of this, guidelines for culture-congruent health education in community nursing were developed.
- Full Text:
Standaarde vir waardesensitiewe kliniese begeleiding in gemeenskapsverpleegkunde
- Authors: Beukes, Sonya
- Date: 2008-11-18T07:55:23Z
- Subjects: Nursing standards , Community health nursing standards
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:14710 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/1714
- Description: D.Cur. , Nursing is a clinical discipline, strongly anchored in clinical practice. In order to learn the art and science of Nursing, it should be kept in mind that nursing is a complex and intrinsic process that entails skills that are highly cognitive. Community Nursing is one of the clinical disciplines in which clinical guidance takes place. Guidance in Community Nursing takes place on district health level and is based on the primary health care approach. With clinical guidance from a community nurse in the community nursing practice, students are given the opportunity to apply in clinical practice what they have learned in theory. Students learn in the clinical practice by working alongside a competent, experienced and registered community nurse. They are guided to realise their full potential, to develop self-confidence in psychomotor skills, as well as the good values which are an inherent part of nursing. Due to the fact that the clinical learning environment is dynamic, it is necessary to ensure value-sensitive clinical guidance in the community nursing practice. This implies that the values of all role players involved in clinical guidance, namely the students and nurses (the patients during clinical guidance) should be handled with the necessary sensitivity. The goal of the study was to explore and describe to what extent value-sensitive clinical guidance in Community Nursing takes place. As a result of the findings a concept analysis of the categories identified was done and standards for value-sensitive clinical guidance in Community Nursing were developed and refined. For the purposes of this study an explorative, descriptive and contextual design was used. Interactions taking place between the nurses and students during clinical guidance were explored for value-`sensitivity by means of video-recordings, participative observation, diaries, focus-group and semi-structured interviews. The data collected were analysed and coded by the researcher and the external coder. As a result of the findings in this research a concept analysis was done of the different categories (identified in phase 1). The findings were compared with the literature in the concept analysis and similarities and differences were highlighted. As a result of the concept analysis standards for value sensitive clinical guidance in Community Nursing were developed, described and refined after it was presented to experts from academic training institutions and the community nursing practice. The four main categories identified were communication, attitudes, respect and clinical opportunities during clinical guidance. Due to the fact that professional socialisation mainly takes place in the clinical practice clinical guidance should be well-planned. Nurses acting as clinical guides should always keep in mind that they are acting as role models who are in possession of sufficient theoretical and clinical knowledge, and that they must maintain high nursing care standards. Nurses must approach the clinical guiding situation with an open and accommodating attitude. Students should be respected as human beings in order to establish open communication channels whereby clinical learning in students could be facilitated. Therefore a supportive, non-threatening clinical practice should be established, so that students will take the liberty to ask questions and will have the confidence to participate in clinical nursing actions under the direct supervision of nurses. The standards for value-sensitive clinical guidance in community nursing are aimed at all role players involved with clinical guidance. These role players include the service providers (the nurses, clinical co-coordinators and managers), as well as the academic training institutions (lecturers and students).
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