Improving supply chain competitiveness through the application of technology : a case study on a routing and scheduling system
- Authors: Hollander, Ryan
- Date: 2010-10-25T06:28:29Z
- Subjects: Business logistics , Technological innovation , Business logistics management , Business logistics planning , Competition
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:6933 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3443
- Description: M.Comm. , In the last hundred years there has been a technological revolution that has forced people to change the way they live and run their organisations. This technological revolution has had a major impact on the business world. Coyle, Bardi and Langley (2003; 57) have suggested that “the rate of change has accelerated with consequent negative impacts if organisations do not change.” With today’s emphasis on cutting costs, streamlining expenses while at the same time trying to offer a competitive edge with regard to customer service, many organisations are looking to improve their bottom line and financial performance by implementing new technology into their supply chains. A popular way for organisations to speedily reap the benefits of having a more competent and competitive, technology-enabled supply chain, is by outsourcing their supply chain needs to a third party logistics organisations. The Star newspaper reported that, according to Brett Bowes, inefficiencies in the supply chain meant that fast-moving consumer goods manufacturers and retailers were losing R7 billion every year (The Star, 16 March 2007; 2). Although there are many auxiliary benefits and advantages of implementing software systems into the supply chain, the two critical benefits which justify the expense are reduced costs and improved customer service. Implementing technology is a costly, challenging and sometimes risky endeavor. This often results in an unwillingness to change until these organisations outgrow their systems, or the business environment becomes so complex, that they are forced to implement new technology. This hesitancy to introduce new technology timeously could hamper the progress and growth of these organisations, and could also affect their competitiveness in a highly competitive environment. The purpose of this case study is to compare the benefits achieved from existing older technology to new technology, based on a routing and scheduling case study in a large 3PL organisation.
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An evaluation of distribution and warehousing systems in the perishable foods industry
- Authors: Maree, Jacobus Nicolaas
- Date: 2012-08-23
- Subjects: Warehouses - South Africa - Evaluation , Warehouses - Automation , Warehouses - Management , Perishable goods - South Africa , Logistics , Physical distribution of goods - South Africa
- Type: Mini-Dissertation
- Identifier: http://ujcontent.uj.ac.za8080/10210/386921 , uj:3099 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/6517
- Description: M.Comm. , South Africa is currently in the same position regarding distribution channel design and operations as the rest of the world during the 1970's and many of our warehouses still operate in the same manner as those of the 1970's, using outdated methods and infrastructures. According to Bailey (1996:3), the failures of the outdated systems were: 90% of the systems functioned ineffectively - High-tech systems were inflexible ; - Computers could not cope ; - Focus was on storage rather than throughput ; - Just-In-Time destroyed many facilities ; - Lack of integration within the supply chain Some distribution executives and warehouse managers may disagree, but it is evident that there is uncertainty and frustration associated with the management of warehousing activities in companies today. During research conducted, a statement was made by a distribution executive of a leading corporation, who said: "I am unaware of any corporate function where the manager knows so little about what he will do tomorrow as the manager of a warehouse." Traditionally, warehousing has fulfilled a support function to both manufacturing and marketing by storing the company's raw materials, semi-finished and finished products. However, the warehousing function also responded to other corporate needs without receiving the necessary attention and support of management to improve its organisation and effectiveness. The challenge of this study will therefore be to design and develop a distribution channel which will approach the supply chain holistically, from the identification of the total costs associated with alternative logistical systems right through to identification of the lowest cost network that meets corporate, marketing and customer requirements. The objective is to develop a strategy for a throughput distribution centre close to the market place to shorten the cycle time within the South African context, which will accommodate the principles of reducing individual warehousing requirements and transportation costs by transforming the modus operandi from the conventional "push" way of operating to a "pull" system. This is commonly known as Quick Response (QR) or Continuous Replenishment (CR) and will allow the principals to reduce stockholding areas and simultaneously provide fresh delivery.
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