The cooperatives model as an approach to SMME development in South Africa with specific reference to the information, communication and technology (ICT) sector
- Authors: Mabuza, David Charles
- Date: 2009-05-07T07:22:47Z
- Subjects: Small business , Information technology , Small business research in South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:8360 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/2501
- Description: M.A. , Small enterprise development is considered a priority in most developing countries and, South Africa’s not an exception. The rationale for prioritising SMMEs is premised on their potential ability to contribute to the alleviation of the socio-economic challenges facing most developing countries such as unemployment, poverty and low levels of economic development. For South Africa, SMME development is seen as an appropriate strategy that could assist government in its endeavours of bridging the gap that exists between the two economies (first and second economy). To date, the government has utilised various business models to facilitate the entry and development of small enterprises in the mainstream economy. These models include amongst others a close corporation, cooperative and private company. Whilst all three models have been effectively applied across all sectors of the economy such as agriculture, retail services, manufacturing and others, the cooperatives approach/model has not been successfully exploited for the development of small enterprises within the Information Communication Technology (ICT) sector. Using international case studies, this study has been able to demonstrate the critical role that could be played by the cooperative model in facilitating an accelerated development of viable small enterprises within the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in South Africa. Internationally, cooperatives have played a pivotal role in their contribution to economic development in both developed and developing countries. The model has the potential to promote economic growth at the community and regional level, building on the spirit of cooperation that is already prevalent in rural areas. In the ICT sector, the cooperatives approach has been applied as a model for the development of sustainable ICT small enterprises. In actual fact, the model has been instrumental in enhancing small enterprise development in countries such as Argentina, Poland, USA and Bolivia, just to mention a few. It therefore becomes critical for South Africa to consider lessons from these countries, so as to take advantage of the opportunities offered by the cooperative model. However, government needs to put in place appropriate ICT sector specific support structures that would assist people willing to start cooperative enterprises within the ICT sector. In the United States, government introduced a sector-specific bill to facilitate the establishment of the Rural Telephone Administration. The bill made it possible for long-term loans to be made to telephone cooperatives at low interest rates, thus accelerating the development and procurement of rural telephone systems. In Poland, government established a sector-specific Trust Fund referred to as “Balazs Social Trust Fund” solely to support the development of ICT cooperatives in rural areas. Thus, for South Africa to accelerate its pace of development it might need to adopt and customise this model. To ensure continuous monitoring and measurement of the impact of these interventions, government needs to put in place appropriate measurement tools.
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The economic impact of international students on South Africa
- Authors: Aloyo, Naum Ogweny
- Date: 2012-09-10
- Subjects: Foreign students - Economic aspects - South Africa , South Africa - Emigration and immigration - Economic aspects , Universities and colleges - Economic aspects - South Africa , Foreign workers - Economic aspects - South Africa , Foreign investments - South Africa , Skilled labor - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9887 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7286
- Description: M.Comm. , The general conclusion arrived at in this dissertation is that the quality of infrastructure in South Africa has resulted in a large and increasing inflow of students from the other African countries. The ensuing influx of international students has been sustained through the activities of networks based on kin, acquaintance and the support of the source country governments. This has resulted in a large inflow of foreign revenue and growth of employment opportunities and income for South Africa. Although the revenue from the inflow of international students in South Africa is impressive, it is still trivial in comparison to what other countries such as the USA, the UK, Australia and China receive. Another advantage is that the presence of international students offers a potential boost to the skills shortage in South Africa. The direct benefits from international students to South Africa have the capacity to be further enhanced but a proper policy for facilitating such inflow is lacking. Certain administrative processes and practices in South Africa aggravate the situation. These procedures include visa application difficulties, university registration bureaucracy, and police behaviour. Worse still, crime and xenophobia in South Africa are common and they present some of the greatest threats to the continued inflow of international students.
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The linkage between foreign direct investment and economic growth : a comparative case study of Kenya and South Africa
- Authors: Ziyane, Barbara Tintswalo
- Date: 2012-09-07
- Subjects: Foreign investments - South Africa , Foreign investments - Kenya , Economic development - South Africa , Economic development - Kenya
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:9775 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/7181
- Description: M.A. , All countries compete to attract a larger share of FDI inflows. Developing countries, especially in Africa, receive a relatively small share of FDI inflow. Furthermore, the FDI inflows that Africa receives are concentrated in a small number of countries. While FDI is regarded as the engine for growth, some studies have even shown a weak and unstable relationship between FDI and growth in Africa, with wide variations between African countries. Against this backdrop, this study aims to determine why developing countries benefit differently from FDI. To achieve this aim, a comparative case study between South Africa and Kenya was conducted. This study focused on the institutions responsible for providing linkage support to both new and existing foreign direct investors in South Africa and Kenya. It argues that institutions assist countries to adopt and absorb technologies introduced in domestic economies by foreign investors. In this light, the research attempted to compare the best practice to actual practice of the institutions in South Africa and Kenya. At the end of the research process, it was discovered that even though South African institutions have challenges, they perform better than their Kenyan counterparts because they are well-funded and receive strong support from the South African government.
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