Die heffing van verkoopbelasting in Suid-Afrika
- Authors: Lategan, Marthinus Theunis
- Date: 2015-02-09
- Subjects: Sales tax - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:13179 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13208
- Description: D.Com. (Accounting) , The income potential and operational advantages of a broad-based sales tax justify the reliance there upon to produce a material part of the tax revenue of a country with a large third-world element in its economy. Since the introduction of sales tax in 1978 it has developed from a relatively inferior tax into an important element of the South African tax structure presently yielding in excess of 25% of total tax revenue. The relevant statute, namely the Sales Tax Act 103 of 1978, has subsequently been amended to ensure certain structural and operational changes to the sales tax system and the rate has been increased from 4% to 12%. The question may therefore well be asked whether the present sales tax system upholds the criteria for an acceptable tax system, namely equity and efficiency, and still meets with the demands of the advancement that has taken place in the south African economy. This issue is fuelled by the common concern expressed about the apparent unacceptable levels of sales tax avoidance and evasion. In order to answer this question a framework for a sales tax system that would ideally suit the economic structure and social conditions of South Africa was devised. This framework shortly requires the sales tax system to be fair, simple, certain and neutral. The existing sales tax system was tested against this framework and apart from certain breaches, such as the taxation of capital and certain intermediate goods and the insufficient official divulgence of information, it was found to be generally efficient. Furthermore, due to the fact that the consumption of exempt foodstuffs decline much faster, as a proportion of income, than the consumption of taxed goods and services as income increases, the sales tax burden was found to be distributed proportionally over the income range. The recent widespread adoption of value added taxes has lead the study to examine and evaluate the additive-, subtractive- and invoice methods of value added taxation...
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Die heffing van indirekte belasting in Suid-Afrika
- Authors: Jordaan, Anton John
- Date: 2015-03-18
- Subjects: Value-added tax , Taxation - South Africa , Sales tax - South Africa
- Type: Thesis
- Identifier: uj:13478 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/13511
- Description: M.Com. (Business Management) , This study examines the system of value-added tax as replacement for the retail sales tax which is currently in operation in South Africa. It furthermore sets out to provide an insight into the potential local application thereof. The following aspects were discussed: (a) The current state of indirect taxation in South Africa under the retail sales tax regime. (b) The origin and development of the value-added tax system worldwide. (c) The replacement of indirect taxes through a system of tax on value added. (d) The development of value-added tax subsequent to the initial recommendation by the Margo commission. (e) A number of problem areas specifically relating to the structure of the proposed tax, e.g. foodstuffs, farming activities and capital goods. (f) The establishment of a clearing mechanism for the BLS and TBCV countries in a Southern African Customs Union. (g) General administrative provisions under a value-added tax and a proposed audit under the system. The discussion indicates that the retail sales tax is not conforming to initial objectives (at least in theory) and the government is of the opinion that value-added tax will rectify this situation...
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