Bifactor analysis of the mental health continuum–short form (mhc–sf) 1
- Authors: De Bruin, Gideon P. , Du Plessis, Graham A.
- Date: 2015
- Subjects: Mental Health Continuum–Short Form , Bifactor analysis
- Type: Article
- Identifier: uj:5573 , ISSN 00332941 , http://hdl.handle.net/10210/14226
- Description: This report examined the factor structure of the Mental Health Continuum–Short Form (MHC–SF) using bifactor analysis to evaluate a general well-being factor and the three group factors that correspond with emotional, social, and psychological well-being. Using a sample of 902 South African psychology students ( M age = 21.1 yr., SD = 2.7), the MHC–SF was examined using confirmatory factor models, (1) a one-factor model conceptualizing well-being as unidimensional, (2) a correlated three-factor model corresponding with Keyes’ model, and (3) a bifactor solution with a general well-being factor and three orthogonalized group factors. The bifactor solution fitted the best and evidenced a strong general well-being factor and three comparatively weak residualized group factors. These findings contribute to the literature by facilitating an examination of the strength of a general well-being factor as contrasted with the multidimensional components of emotional, social, and psychological well-being and advance a case for the interpretation of both the general and multidimensional components. The results inform considerations regarding the employ of the scale in statistical procedures such as multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling.
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Cross-cultural differences in the character strength of citizenship in South Africa
- Authors: Du Plessis, Graham A. , Saccaggi, Carolina F. , De Bruin, Gideon P.
- Date: 2015
- Subjects: Citizenship , South Africa , Cross-cultural , Character strengths
- Language: English
- Type: Journal article
- Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/17762 , uj:15922 , Citation: Du Plessis, G.A., Saccaggi, C.F. & De Bruin, G. 2015. Cross-cultural differences in the character strength of citizenship in South Africa. Psychology in society (PINS) 48:22-44
- Description: Abstract: The psychological conceptualisation of the character strength of citizenship as a trait ubiquitous across cultures is examined within the context of a diverse South African sample. The theoretically supposed elements common to the definition of citizenship as a dispositional trait (rather than a situational or cultural phenomenon) are examined by means of considering Peterson and Seligman’s (2004) conceptualisation of citizenship as espoused in their work on character strength and virtues. Using the Rasch model of item response theory the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) Value in Action Inventory (VIA) Citizenship scale was examined for fit and differential item functioning (DIF). A diverse sample of 902 South African university students who completed the Citizenship scale was examined for DIF as a function of self-asserted ethnicities and home language groups, which serve as indicators of culture within the South African context. The findings of the study suggest that while certain conceptual aspects of trait-based citizenship as espoused by Peterson and Seligman (2004) are common across the heterogeneous cultures (as defined by ethnicity and language group) examined, there is sound evidence that there are also qualitative distinctions that are exclusively a function of cultural grouping, suggesting difficulties with the exclusive conceptualisation of citizenship as an individual trait. The implications of these findings speak to the importance of considering citizenship as a nuanced and complex notion that requires further consideration in terms of the philosophical, theoretical and empirical qualification of its conceptualisation.
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